All You Need to Know About Antimatter

Do you know what Antimatters are? Yes they exist! Antimatter is contradictory to normal matter. Most specifically, they are the sub-atomic particles consisting of properties opposite to that of a matter. It’s believed that antimatter

Do you know what Antimatters are? Yes they exist! Antimatter is contradictory to normal matter. Most specifically, they are the sub-atomic particles consisting of properties opposite to that of a matter. It’s believed that antimatter was created along with matter during the Big bang, but they are rare in today’s universe.

If particles exist, so do antiparticles

You know that everything on earth is made up of matter. Matter is composed of atoms, which are complex elements, consisting of particles called electrons, protons, and neutrons. NASA claims that the same theory holds for antimatter. Antimatter is composed of antiparticles that has the similar protons, neutrons, and electrons but with the exactly opposite charges.

The European Organization for Nuclear Research or CERN has generated these antiparticles using their huge particle accelerator called the Large Hadron Collider. NASA states that the generation of antiparticle was a great breakthrough and would lead to millions of new discoveries in the field. This would also help in determining how the earth and all its living creatures came into existence after the Big Bang.

Antimatter

Where is antimatter?

Antimatter particles can be created only in ultra-high-speed collisions. It’s believed that only energy existed after the Big Bang. While the universe started to cool down and expand, particles of both antimatter and matter were believed to have been produced in equal amounts. But why matter came into existence and antimatter vanished is a question that’s yet to be answered.

However, there’s one theory that suggests that matter existed prior to the Big Bang. During the Big Bang mutual annihilation led to the disappearance of antimatter but the matter that were more in number were left behind. This matter is known to have formed all the stars, galaxies, and of course, us.

When it was first discovered?

Antimatter was first predicted by an English physicist named Paul Dirac in the year 1928. Dirac believed that every particle in the universe would have an opposite force to itself. He put together the theories of quantum mechanics and Einstein’s special relativity equation, and found that the derived equation worked for both matter and its opposite force. Carl D. Anderson, an American physicist discovered the first antiparticle called positron in the year 1932. This led to a major breakthrough and the existence of antiparticles was proved.

The futuristic antimatter spaceship

When the particles of antimatter interact with that of the particles, they will result in mass annihilation and produce tremendous energy. Engineers in NASA strongly believe that a spacecraft powered by antimatter can be designed and might be effectively used to explore the universe. But the trouble is, it generally takes up to $100 billion to create a milligram of antimatter. Researchers believe that with more futuristic study and development this cost can be cut down greatly.

NASA has also produced a theoretical plan of how a fusion spacecraft would work. It has devised a plan for sparking a fusion reaction inside the combustion chamber of a spacecraft, thereby making it move. The antimatter driven spaceships will soon come into existence and we can expect an exciting future that would answer most of our unanswered questions.

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